Sunday, May 24, 2020

Theories of Aging Essay - 1565 Words

Lifestage Development Theories of Ageing For this part of the assignment I am going to be describing two theories of ageing. Firstly I will be describing the Disengagement theory and then the Activity theory. I will then be comparing the similarities and differences between the two, and also writing up two case studies of older people and explain the development that occurs in older life, relating back to the theories I will have discussed. Firstly the theory of Social Disengagement, disengagement means a person’s withdrawal from involvement with anything. The theory was first put forward by two authors Cumming and Henry in 1961 who believed that it was natural for the elderly to withdraw from social involvement with others, due to†¦show more content†¦My first case study is of a man named Howard Lane, he died aged 75 years old and had been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s 9 years earlier. Over the 9 years his condition seriously deteriorated. Howard had had a very active life with various jobs such as a Clerk of Works at Par Docks, a mental nurse and other physically demanding roles. He had been married for 52 years and had two grown up children, a daughter Jennie who had two children and a son Richard who had four children. Howard was a very involved grandparent throughout the whole of his grandchildren’s lives until his condition deteriorated so badly he couldn’t even tell who they were anymore. As Howard reached retirement he remained a very engaged active person despite the label he was now given as being ‘old.’ He very much fitted the role within the activity theory, regularly exercising, seeing his family, keeping in contact with them in a number of ways. He and his wife had a particular passion for ballroom dancing†¦ they had won competitions! He had a very healthy appetite, and had never smoked or drank at all throughout his life. Although Howard had always been healthy and had no previous health issues and had stayed active throughout his final lifestage he still developed the disease Alzheimer’s. As the illness progressed Howard gradually changed as a person. He became forgetful,Show MoreRelatedTheories of Aging2567 Words   |  11 Pageshead: Theories of Aging Theories of Aging Nate Aungkuldee Milwaukee School of Engineering –School of Nursing Abstract Gerontological nursing may be viewed as the nursing management for older population. Knowledge of nursing care and competency of caring for elderly become more important as the result of increasing population of old age people in the past decade and expecting in ongoing increasing in the next twenty years. There are many theories of agingRead MoreThe Continuity Theory Of Aging894 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction The belief that people cope with life better by applying familiar strategies based on their past experiences is the continuity theory of aging. This paper will review this theory, as well as discuss an interview done with an elderly individual, and how the interview relates to the continuity theory. Theory The continuity theory of aging is the belief that older adults will usually maintain the same relationships, behaviors, and activities as they did in their earlier years. Kali andRead MoreTheory of Successful Aging1648 Words   |  7 PagesTheory Of Successful Aging INTERNAL CRITICISM Adequacy: The Flood’s Theory of Successful Aging (Flood, 2005) was developed to addresses a nursing theory for care of the older adult regarding to the lack of nursing theory that offers clearly delineated guidelines for care of aging. Flood’s(2002) unique definition of successful aging among other explanations includes mental, physical, and spiritual elements of the aging person and emphasizing the individuals self appraisal. She used existing knowledgeRead MoreThe Activity Theory Of Aging933 Words   |  4 Pages1) The article from The Gerontologist supports the activity theory of aging. This states that as people age, it is very important for them to be engaged in various activities and social roles. As described in the lecture, studies have shown that those who stay involved have less signs of depression and have a lesser decline in mental health. In addition, they are considered more competent than others in their age group by the general population since they are actively participating in society. TheRead MoreThe s Theory Of Aging Essay984 Words   |  4 Pages This research was revolved around R. C. Peck’s Theory of Aging. Peck invented a theory about how elders can age successfully. He states that they must adjust psychologically in 3 distinct different ways: Self-differentiation, Body transcendence, and Self-transcendence. Self-differentiation is when people retire from work or when children leave home for good, they must figure out whether or not they still have value in our society. They may ask questions like â€Å"If I’m not doing my usual role, howRead MoreThe Cell Theory Of Aging1813 Words   |  8 Pagesthey maintain normal tissue homeostasis and participate in tissue repair and regeneration in response to damage (Lui Rando 2011). The physiological process of aging may be the result of stem cell loss and a decline in the homeostatic and regenerative capacity of all tissues and organs (Lui Rando 2011). In fact, the stem cell theory of aging proposes that as we age, we fail to replenish the unique pool of stem cell s. Consequently, this prevents us from replacing lost, differentiated cells and resultsRead MoreWear And Tear : An Aging Theory794 Words   |  4 PagesWear and Tear: An Aging Theory Aging happens to everyone, a part of life that is unavoidable. Over the years many theories on aging have been developed and studied. Some theories are biological and some are psychosocial. This paper will depict a clinical situation, encompass the biological theory of aging, the wear and tear theory, and how it relates to the situation and the interactions employed by the Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS). Clinical Situation James was a farmer, active every day of hisRead MoreImmunological Theory of Aging Essay748 Words   |  3 Pagesshort lives, especially those to evade the aging process. With society becoming increasingly interested in everlasting beauty and living longer, the race to discover the main contributor toward aging begun in the early nineteen hundreds. In the midst of this quest, several biological theories had been developed. Among these theories is the immunity or immunological theory. This paper will discuss the immunological theory of aging by explaining the theory, giving a history of its origin and a descriptionRead MoreDisengagement Theory Is The First Formal Theory Of Aging873 Words   |  4 PagesDisengagement theory is the first formal theory of aging. It was first proposed in 1961 by Elaine Cumming and William Hendry. They both were researchers from the University of Chicago. The two developed their theory in their book Growing Old: The Process of Disengagement. In the book they criticized the implicit theory that people can adjust, be satisfied, and happy in old age. They can also be physically involved and remain active throughout their lives. â€Å"Cumming and Henry argued that normal aging involvesRead MoreActivity Theory of Aging Essay4128 Words   |  17 PagesRUNNING HEAD: ACTIVITY THEORY Activity Theory of Aging Long Island University-C.W. Post Campus Jennifer L. Bifulco Throughout this semester we have come across many psychological and social theories. From Vaillant’s aging well, to Erikson’s life stages, to Leont’ev’s activity theory, there is a lot to learn and to understand. For the purpose of this paper, I am going to focus on the Activity Theory of aging. After some thorough research on this topic I was able to come up with some great

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Contemporary Issues in Strategic Management - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1213 Downloads: 2 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Management Essay Type Narrative essay Did you like this example? Contemporary Issues in Strategic Management In the fastest changing world where the competition become high among businesses there no one can deny the importance of strategic management which engross the making and implementation of goals and the steps taken by top management of the company on the behalf of their owners. It is totally based on the contemplation of the available resources and it also helps to assess the external and internal environment which helps the organization to compete with others. There are five competitive forces which can influence the organization and can give competition; those five factors can be the bargaining power of suppliers and customers, threat of new entrants in the market, and threats of availability of substitutes in the market. All these factors can give tough competition to the organization. And to tackle this kind of situation an organization needs to have a strong strategic management because it helps to identify the proble m as well as provides direction to the organization and helps the organization to be specific towards their goals. It helps the organization in developing the policies which can give guidance to the organization what they have to do to compete with their competitors (Daghfous et,al 2009). Organization can also plan designs with the help of strategic management to attain their objectives and also helps the organization in allocating the resources within the limited time and also helps the organization to implement the plans. In short strategic management facilitate the organization to deal with internal environment and external environment which includes suppliers, customers, competitors etc. Globalization plays a vital role in discharging the borders among many countries, and turned the whole world into a village. But the question is has the globalization is benefiting the countries in the economic stability? Has the globalization influenced the UAE economy positively or negative ly? Answer to this question can be getting by observing the growth and development of the UAEà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s economy. The globalization has turned the UAE into the most development countries in many fields especially economically. No one can deny the important role of globalization and its effect on the UAEà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s economy (Wilkins 2010). It has affected positively affect the UAE policy because it helped the country to increase their overseas or foreign investment and also encouraged to promote the free trade between UAE and the other countries of the world. There was a survey conducted in UAE in the year 2005, according to that survey the flow of foreign direct investment in UAE achieved the record was about 10 US $ billion close to 34% of total flow of foreign capital in the Arab world. And this happened because UAE is politically established, and they maintains rights of working for businessmen and entrepreneurs, these working rights allows them to sale, do the business and rent effortlessly without government intervention and taxes imposing on their products, services and revenues. They have issued licenses to the foreign firm branches and the rates of issuing licenses to foreign firms are increasing yearly. Many foreign got this business license. Foreign countries that got business licenses include UK, India and America. In the view of fact that the world has turned into a small village because of globalization, it makes simple to other countries of the world to know about and get the information about the economic conditions and merits that UAE grants for foreign businessmen. Because of foreign investment there is a notable increase in the UAE economyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s capital stock (Rettab, et, al, 2009). The high capital stock enabled UAE to have tools and structures to produce. Consequently productivity has increased extensively, and in result the growth of the economy of UAE and the living standard of the people has also increas ed. Globalization has also encouraged the domestic investment of the UAE. In global capital markets UAE has a vital role with many investment institutions, such as Dubai port, Abu Dhabi investment council, Abu Dhabià ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s International Petroleum Investment co. The huge increase in the domestic investment of UAE is because the globalization has permitted UAE to deal and do businesses with other developed countries such as UK and USA and also helps UAE to learn that shortcuts to the fastest growth rate are savings and more investment (Wilkins, 2010). There is a debate for some people that more investments and savings can cause the availability of resources for the consumption goods production. Though it can be stated that todayà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s investments and savings will help to increase the production in the future and UAE can enjoy living standard in future. In the last investment can be define as the path towards the futures which will be bright. UAE is the w orldsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ preferred trade hub. According to Bank Doing Business Report ranking the UAE is on the 5th place for the trading across borders or worlds wide. And it is very important for the growth of international trade. Doing business is an important economy activity for UAE which no one can compete in globalized economy and results in increase of the exports worldwide (Al-Fawaz, et, al, 2009). UAE is taking benefit from its competitive advantage as they are trading and improving the competency of trade procedures. It has an online and independent trade network which is extremely flourishing in assessing trade of goods as well as services. Their aim is to make trade faster, low cost or cost effective and easier for the foreign businessmen as well as domestic businessmen to improve the business process with the help of advanced technology. In UAE due to globalization the development of global trade has improved in last few years. This helped UAE in improving their infrast ructure and also helped them to increase their GDP (Hvidt 2009). Trade has become important part for any countryà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s economy growth and development. They need to trade across borders to trade internationally but many countries are having political instability which is a big hindrance in the way of economical growth because foreign countries will not allow their countries to trade with those countries that are politically instable. Another competitive advantage of UAE trade is that they have low trade barriers because of their political stability and the world prefers UAE for trading and business. References: Daghfous, A., Barkhi, R. (2009). The strategic management of information technology in UAE hotels: An exploratory study of TQM, SCM, and CRM implementations.Technovation,29(9), 588-595. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166497209000765. Rettab, B., Brik, A. B., Mellahi, K. (2009). A study of management perceptions of the impact of corporate social responsibility on organisational performance in emerging economies: the case of Dubai.Journal of Business Ethics,89(3), 371-390. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10551-008-0005-9#page-1 Al-Fawaz, K., Eldabi, T., Naseer, A. (2010). Challenges and influential factors in ERP adoption and implementation. Retrieved from https://v-scheiner.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/4361 Hvidt, M. (2009). The Dubai model: An outline of key development-process elements in Dubai.International Journal of Middle East Studies,41(03), 397-418. Retrieved from https://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=onlineaid=5899680fileId=S0020743809091120 Wilkins, S. (2010). Higher education in the United Arab Emirates: an analysis of the outcomes of significant increases in supply and competition.Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management,32(4), 389-400. Retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1360080X.2010.491112#.U5H CQXKSwqM Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Contemporary Issues in Strategic Management" essay for you Create order

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Poetry appreciation “Fire the sun” Free Essays

Basically the poem is divided into three parts. Each part identifies a specific task assigned to a woman. It is a very simple and straightforward poem, which does not beat around the bush. We will write a custom essay sample on Poetry appreciation â€Å"Fire the sun† or any similar topic only for you Order Now It is very easy to understand and candidly outlines the average woman’s life, carrying out her daily duties. However in doing this, we get the impression that she seems to be giving up a part of herself – her senses become somewhat distorted.We are told of three certain tasks carried out by these women – doing the dishes, cleaning the floor and minding the children. The first stanza is dedicated to a woman doing the dishes. Every line is repeated as it says, â€Å"the woman doing the dishes has trouble hearing†. This could be due to the noise and clamour created by the dishes. The second stanza is dedicated to a woman cleaning the floor. This woman however cannot hear at all. A phrase is used: â€Å"Let us have a moment of silence For the woman who cleans the floor† which is usually used at funeral or memorial services when mourning the deceased. It is also ironic because this woman never has a moment of silence for herself in her busy life. This, together with the image of the woman always being on the floor, therefore low down gives us the impression that this woman is regarded as dead because like a dead person, she cannot hear at all. The third stanza is dedicated to a woman at home with the children. We are told that this woman is not seen at night as she is looking after the children. She also cannot speak up for herself or listen to what others think she might have said if she was there. In this poem, the women have been very stereotyped underlining their daily, tedious chores. An overwhelming impression of the lack of power of the woman is felt reading through the poem- she has the responsibility of a wife, a worker and mother and it is not in her strength to alter anything in the life that has been set for her. However there appears to be a deeper underlying meaning to the rather simple outlook of the poem. We get the impression that the woman always seems to be taken advantage of and has to put other things before her. She is like a puppet controlled and almost programmed to carry out menial tasks day in and day out. The first stanza emphasises this through the repetition stressing the monotony and routineness of the chores. It is also repetitive because we are told the woman has trouble hearing and things have to be repeated, as she doesn’t understand the first time. The second woman cannot hear at all as she is continuously cleaning the floor and then the third woman is unable to speak for herself, as she never gets to go out at night and meet people. Great emphasis is put upon their sense of hearing – again the women are stereotyped in the way that the poet is saying, being a woman there is such intense concentration on a task that they become oblivious to other things aro und them. It also ties in with the fact that they cannot also hear the voices of the husband which may be complaining; subsequently if women can’t hear then they can’t speak their minds. Open to interpretation could be whether the poem is about three different women each doing a specific chore, or about one woman who does all these jobs. FORM: There is no distinct form to this poem – there are three separate stanzas; in the first, every line is repeated twice. However the last two stanzas are written with no distinguishable rhyming scheme or any definite pattern. This poem is in the free verse form using simple language. This relates to the women in the poem who are also very simple. TONE: Keeping in mind that this poem, which differentiates chores for women and insinuates about their fixed way of life, is actually written by a woman. It could be looked at as the poet taking a general impression of most women or maybe even including her experiences in it, yet, if she was any of these women, she wouldn’t have been able to write the poem. It might even be written in the persona of a man therefore bringing in the male factor; the opinion of a man on women. Nevertheless the tone, no matter how depressing, seems to be quite realistic, calm and assured. It is in a way pitying and sympathetic yet also submissive in that the poet seems to accept it as a fact of life that cannot be changed. The tone is aggressive in a gentle way, rather than attacking, for it states the facts as they stand using uncomplicated language, which is extremely effective as it hits one straight in the heart. IMAGERY: Although the language is very simple, certain images are evoked in our minds as we read the poem. The first image is created by the repetition in the first stanza. The image is of a woman at a sink, almost like a robot, washing one dish after another and drying them one by one. The monotony strikes us as being almost inhumane as it seems never-ending. Another image is created by the woman on ‘the floor’ who ‘cannot hear at all’ and is given a moment of silence. There is a strong image of death in this stanza as it seems that the woman is closer to her grave on the floor than to the people around her. It is as though she is dead to the world and therefore has to be mourned. As she is so out of reach, it could explain why she cannot hear at all. It also creates the image if not of being close to her grave then being low in society i.e. her body position reflecting her status in society. The third image is created by the ’empty space’ mentioned in the last stanza that one has to stare into to imagine the woman who is in fact at home with the children. She has to be given an empty space, which creates a visual picture in which one cannot distinguish the separation between her and her kids as they are so much a part of her – the empty space is just as empty as she is. As ‘you never see her at night’ we get the impression that she has no time for herself – the housework and children take up all her time. Although she may actually be able to hear, she is compelled not to because the image is created that the racket of the children overpowers her. Also, as she doesn’t get to go out much, she cannot speak to defend herself or listen to other conversations. She might not be able to speak because she is uneducated and does not have the courage to defend herself. This night setting is realistic because at night men tend to go ou t more than women, especially at that time. As there are many aural images of hearing etc., aural devices have been used which play as sound effects i.e. assonance in the second stanza: ‘Another poem for a woman’ This soft ‘o’ sound can be tied to the image of death and graves which is noticeable in this stanza. Alliteration is also used in the third stanza: ‘One more poem for the woman at home’ Again this is a fairly calm ‘m’ sound which ties in with the whole tone of the poem. Deliberate use of these devices by the poet can be doubted for it is not a very elaborate poem and there are no other devices such as similes or metaphors- it is very basic. INTENTION I think the author’s intention was to make people notice these jobs that women do, for although they are so obvious, no one acknowledges their importance. The woman are taken too much for granted for carrying out these chores and are not appreciated for what they do. It seems to contain greatly the male view and reflects the stereotype male attitude of a woman, emphasising where he sees her the most. she is always busy somewhere-washing, cleaning, looking after the kids etc, and she never really has time for him. Even at night when it is the time for the husband and wife to be together, she has more important things to tend to. This is a simple, heartrending poem which, due to its simplicity, allows deep thought. How to cite Poetry appreciation â€Å"Fire the sun†, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Relevance Of Forensic Accounting Detection - Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss about the Relevance Of Forensic Accounting Detection. Answer: Introduction A magnificent corporate disgraces as well as bankrupt in the past two to three decades are acting as a very powerful reminder of risks; those are apparently associated with the ownership of different business organization. Values and ethics are the centralized functions and operations of any business organization those are helpful for maximizing the well being of the stakeholders associated to the enterprises (Brooke A. Masters , 2018). This report depicts the role of the moral agents in a business organization to gain success throughout. The agents of all business organizations are responsible for proper decision making. However, both positive and negative consequences might occur due to these ethical dimensions (worldcom-fraud., 2018). MCI Inc. a well-known American telecommunication corporation, currently named as WorldCom is nominated for developing this report. Different ethical theories considering its application in relation with the duties of the moral agents are also elabora ted in this report. These ethical consequences of WorldCom (MCI Inc.) revealed that the accounting department of the company was negatively affected. According to the audit report, the company has discovered that $3.3 Billion of profit amount was inaccurately recorded on the books started from 1999 up to quarter of 2002 (Corporatefraud., 2018). The financial statement of the company revised and get to know that indirectly the CEO of WorldCom was responsible for this issues occurred. In order to minimize these errors moral and ethical theories are required to be applied by the top management of the business organization. Discussion of ethical theories Discussion of ethical theories in relation to the characters of the moral agents The company executives are referred to as the moral agents for any business organization those are responsible to make effective decision making for the business organization. In order to run the business successfully for maximizing the well of WorldCom (MCI Inc.) the application of ethical theories are very much important (Lins, Servaes Tamayo, 2017). Four different types of ethical theories are there those are needed to be applied in the business organization for gaining measurable success. The Company head itself was charged in the year of 2004, for committing security fraud. Besides these some additional charges are also filed against the chief executive of the company. It has been defined that due to groupthink the executive had shown unethical behavior to others (Olukowade Balogun, 2015). Thus the executive failed to develop accurate decision making for their organization. The four different types of ethical theories associated to this particular case are as follows: Consequentialism: According to consequentialism different ethical components such as state of the affair, actions are associated to this ethical theory. This theory helps to judge, the actions going in the business organization. Through this theory the right and wrong actions could be analyzed accurately. Two different examples of consequentialism are hedonism and utilitarianism. Hedonism helps to detect the consequences those helps to avoid the financial and other risks at the same time the utilitarianism helps to judge the consequences of the greatest good and greatest numbers respectively (Wisner Brown, 2015). However, in the real field application of this particular ethical theory is quite difficult. In order to achieve accurate alignment for growing interest between the managers and the owners, consequentialism is very helpful. Again, in some of the situations, consequentialism could lead the decisions those are objectionable even if arguably goods consequences are there. Virtue ethics: Virtue ethics is referred to as a quest that helps to understand and live the life of a moral person. After analyzing the financial risks faced by WorldCom telecommunication it is found that, the CEO must have possessed moral characteristics. This is a character based approach which helps to assume and acquire the virtue, of the person through different level of practices (Avci, Schipani Seyhun, 2017). A moral as well as honorable character could be archived by the CEO of WorldCom, through practicing different best practices like honesty, brave, just, generous etc. It is found that with the help if these particular applications, people would be able to make right choices for the business organization whenever the company would face different ethical challenges. Natural law: Natural law is referred to as a legal as well as a moral theory which are logically independent. This theory is basically dependent upon the nature of the human. The actions of the CEO and other working employees are whether good or bad are also be analyzed with the help of Natural law. In order to actualizing the potential, this particular position suggests the working employees have the ability. Kantian Deontologism: Deontological ethics are referred to as a morality based ethical theory that helps different business organizations to take effective decision. It helps to build proper relationship between the duty and the morality of the employees who have been working in the business organization (Daigle, Morris Quarles, 2015). This particular theory is very much formalistic due to the conformity of the business actions based on certain rules and laws. Duties of the moral agents Business leaders are those who are not at all allowed to afford ethical challenges those might have been occurred by technical advances (Bhasin, 2015). In order to reduce the issues the moral agents are required to follow certain professional duties those are as follows: To develop the internal control and Information system management approaches Company must adopt accurate system for enabling both the lawful and ethical responsibilities To create a bridge for connecting the management and board To conjugate the companys employees with their job roles Ethical dimension of their duties In order to make effective decision for different business organizations it is necessary for the leaders to consider the ethical dimensions. For establishing balance between the demand and the ethical imperatives the dimensions those should be considered are as follows: Commitment Perspectives Relationship Integrity Application of the ethical theories Explanation of the two Bernards characters The convergent elements are apparently used by the Business heads and other employees as well for bringing stakeholders engagement to their hob role. Organizational culture of is referred to as another important thing that helps to offer proper values and ethical aspects to the consumers. Bernard John also named as Bernie Ebbers was born in the year of 1941, 27th August who is a famous businessman of Canada (Daigle, Morris Quarles, 2015). This person is the co founder of World Telecommunication Company. In the year of 2005, for false financial reporting the company has faced major fraud by its own Chief Executive Officer (CEO). He was convicted for both fraud and conspiracy as well in that year. The action taken by the CEO was considered as the worlds most highlighted corporate fraud till date. It was the biggest corporate bankrupt in the history of USA. Bernie Ebbers is still facing civil litigations along with the company that backed up of $400 million of personal loans (Robinson, 2015). This took place whenever Bank of America suggested for more collateral stock of price fall. Based this parson many other people are also there who, were found guilty for this organizational fraud. According to Australian computer society and Australian Society of Criminology it has been found that, different ethical rules are there those are needed to be followed by the management head of any business organizations. In order to avoid the cyber fraud each of the members associated to the companies are needed to follow the moral values and ethics (Eliezer Emmanuel, 2015). It is expected that if they do follow theses aspects then, all the issues would be completely minimized accordingly. From the preamble and general principle of ACS certain, different ethical rules are identified those should be adopted by the management head or CEO of the business organizations to reach the project success effectively. Cyber crime is a disciple that allows the CEO to recognize discovery, creation and accumulation as well (Umar, Samsudinb, Mohamedb, 2015). Day to day professional activities is needed to be maintained by the management head for improving the existing culture and environment of the business organization. Ethical considerations would help the company to build rules and responsibilities of the company head and CEO as well. Professional rules and responsibilities are the main features those are applicable for almost each employees including the CEO and other employees as well. However, varied roles are server based upon the requirement and objectives of the companies (Deo Cathy, 2016). For specifying the organizational situation accurately, everyday professional activities are required to be considered by the management head (corporatefraud, 2018). Moreover, it can be said that, the CEO of the WorldCom telecommunication Company should maintain both the ethical dimension and moral characteristics as well. From different analysis it has been defined that for organizational decision making ethics is an important thing to be considered. In most of the days individuals are found to make decisions for their business organization (Khdir, 2016). Different ethical mo dels and frameworks should be followed before developing proper decision for the business organizations. Different theories are identified in this report including the Consequentialism, virtue, natural law and Deontologism among which only the Deontologism theory should be used by the WorldCom Telecommunication Company. It is expected that, application of this particular theory would be helpful. Duties of the moral agents Seven different components are there those should be maintained by the management head before implementing any organizational decision. The duty of the moral agents differs based upon the business background of the business organization. The WorldCom telecommunication company has faced major fraud in terms of cyber attack and in order to resoles these kinds of issues certain code of ethical conducts should be considered include- responsibility, enthusiasm, equity, compassion, teamwork, self estimation and professional integrity. The following are the duties of the moral agents to be maintained: Responsibilities: In order to gain effective resultant from the business outcomes the CEO rather moral agent is needed to serve their allotted responsibilities. Enthusiasm: In the daily activities all the associates should exhibit drive and passion in the daily activities to achieve the business goal (Woolley, 2016). Thus, enthusiasm is a major character that each CEO of the businesses must follow. Professional integrity: Professional integrity and trustworthiness are the two different components that each of the organizational CEO and other business team members should follow accordingly. Self Estimation: Personality analysis is referred to as one of the most important things that each CEO should measure before final decision making. It is expected that with the help of self SWOT analysis, he would come to identify his strength and weaknesses too (Khdir, (2016). Considering the strength of the person he would get different opportunities in the coming future whereas; the weaknesses would lead towards threats. Therefore with the help of self estimation the CEO should discuss with others for accurate decision making. Compassion: Empathy and practicing care are the two other features those are helpful for providing genuine support to the consumers. It will also allow the organizational head to become more co coordinating in nature. Ethical dimension and consequences of the actions taken by the agents After analyzing the cyber fraud took place in WorldCom, it is found that different ethical dimensions and the consequences of the actions those have been taken by the moral agent rather CEO are there those are negatively affecting the business organization (Deo Cathy, 2016). Even, the financial background of the company would also be affected due to lack of moral and ethical considerations. The duty of the business leaders and the decision makers is to create accurate balance between the demand of the consumers and the other ethical necessity (Avci, Schipani Seyhun, 2017). As Bernie Ebbers found guilty for the cyber fraud in WorldCom the different consequences occurred are as follows: The CEO hides different details of operating expenses and also made unannounced changes in the business operation These lead towards self decision making rather than organizational decision making In order to resolve the issues of unethical approaches different ethical theories are applied in WorldCom Telecommunication Company. The former CEO of WorldCom telecommunication company should never be convicted of security frauds as the leading evidence against the CEO were masterminded around $11 Billion fraud. On the other hand Ebbers was charged with security frauds which was proven by the law and evidence and due to this reason file have been charged against him. Conclusion From the overall discussion it can be concluded that in order to resolve the financial risks that WorldCom (MCI Inc.) is constantly facing, moral values and ethical approaches are needed to be applied. It is expected that with the help of the moral and ethical values, Bernard Ebbers (Chief Executive Officer) could identify the ethical consequences. Different ethical theories are there and based upon the operation and functional details of the business organization proper ethical theory is required to be applied by the management head. Contrasting other customers involved with the enterprise, the owners are remaining claimant for the earnings. Besides the formal control many other controlling factors in terms of ethical theories and their applications are determined to be helpful for the operational success of any business organization. The managerial attitude of the CEO of the company comes only from the ethical and moral values. The set of moral obligations those are helpful for the success of the company, are identified in this report and elaborated accordingly. References Avci, S. B., Schipani, C. A., Seyhun, H. N. (2017). Do Independent Directors Curb Financial Fraud? The Evidence and Proposals for Further Reform. Bhasin, M. L. (2015). Corporate accounting fraud: A case study of Satyam Computers Limited. Brooke A. Masters., (2018).businesstechnology. [online] Available at: https://old.seattletimes.com/html/businesstechnology/2002196322_ebbers04.html [Accessed 2 Jan. 2018]. Corporatefraud., (2018).theguardian.com. [online] Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/business/2002/aug/09/corporatefraud.worldcom2 [Accessed 2 Jan. 2018]. Daigle, R. J., Morris, J. T., Quarles, R. (2015). Using Non-Academic Multimedia Resources to Enhance Student Learning of Fact-Based Fraud Cases.Journal of Forensic Investigative Accounting,7(1). Deo, P. L., Cathy, Z. S. (2016). All cash is not created equal: Detecting fraudulent cash flow.Journal of Forensic and Investigative Accounting,8(2). Eliezer, O., Emmanuel, B. (2015). The relevance of Forensic Accounting in the Detection and Prevention of Fraud in Nigeria.Historical Research Letter,23. Faello, J. P. (2015). The Use of a Non-Fiction Fraud-Related Book as a Method for Teaching Accounting Ethics. Godo, B. (2016). Forensic accounting and financial fraud management in the telecommunication industry in nigeria.International Journal of Management Science Research,1(1), 125. Khdir, S. H. (2016). Contemporary Financial Crimes of Employee Embezzlement and Insider Trading.International Journal of Social Sciences Educational Studies, 140. Lins, K. V., Servaes, H., Tamayo, A. (2017). Social capital, trust, and firm performance: The value of corporate social responsibility during the financial crisis.The Journal of Finance. Olukowade, E., Balogun, E. (2015). Relevance of Forensic Accounting in the Detection and Prevention of Fraud in Nigeria.International Journal of Accounting Research,2(7), 67-77. Robinson, W. (2015). Poison Pills: Recent Negative Economic Effects Justify Repealing the Related Legislation and Increasing Shareholder Ownership Rights.J. Bus. Entrepreneurship L.,9, 1. Umar, I., Samsudinb, R. S., Mohamedb, M. (2015). The types, costs, prevention and detection of occupational fraud: The ACFE perspective. Wisner, D. L., Brown, B. A. (2015). Corporate Toxicity: The WorldCom/MCI Scandal. Woolley, D. J. (2016). An experimental testing of factors associated with financial statement fraud.Academy of Accounting and Financial Studies Journal,20(3), 167. worldcom-fraud., (2018).business-corporate_scandals. [online] nbcnews.com. Available at: https://www.nbcnews.com/id/8907976/ns/business-corporate_scandals/t/sullivan-gets-five-years-worldcom-fraud/#.WktxxVWWbIU [Accessed 2 Jan. 2018]

Wednesday, April 1, 2020

The Development Of Mass Tourism Mallorca Tourism Essay Essay Example

The Development Of Mass Tourism Mallorca Tourism Essay Essay Balearic Islands with entire country of 5,014 kilometers consist of four islands which are 2 by Formentera, 11 by Eivissa, 14 by Menorca and 73 by Mallorca ( Bull 1997, 140 ) . Mallorca is the largest island of the Balearic archipelago with 555km of the entire seashore length of the island ( Garcia and Servera 2003, 288 ) which covered for about three quarters of the land with about 3640 kmA? in Balearic Island. The clime of Mallorca is typically Mediterranean with moderate mean temperatures. During the summer, the prohibitionist and warm season takes topographic point. The mean one-year rainfalls are 625 millimeters, with mean temperature 16AÂ °C and 17AÂ °C except in the high mountain ( Guijarro 1986 ) . With its favourable clime, extended coastline and beautiful beaches it have lured visitants coming over for many centuries. In 1950s the development of touristry progressively creates an chance to the local in bring forthing extra occupations and income. On the other side it has resulted in a big flux of immigrants from Iberian Peninsula to Mallorca. At the same clip when the touristry industry developed, the local economic system became dependent on this beginning of gross. Consequently, in 1955 there is 30 of the population was working for the sector nevertheless in 1996 it was about 76 ( Garcia and Servera 2003, 288 ) . We will write a custom essay sample on The Development Of Mass Tourism Mallorca Tourism Essay specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The Development Of Mass Tourism Mallorca Tourism Essay specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The Development Of Mass Tourism Mallorca Tourism Essay specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The development of Mass Tourism ( Mallorca ) Definition of Mass touristry Burkart and Medlik ( 1974, 42 ) states Mass touristry is basically a quantitative impression, based on the proportion of the population take parting in touristry or on the volume of tourer activity . However, in the context of Bramwell ( 2004 ) associate it to tourism industry s large-scale reproduction of standardised vacation bundles uniting adjustment and conveyance to provide big Numberss of people from diverse societal groups. Basically both definitions have pointed out the cardinal component of mass touristry that is all about big volume and big graduated table of reproduction production with local engagement engagement to provide huge Numberss of visitants. Since 1950s touristry in Mallorca has closely aligned with a standard mass vacation bundle aimed at a really price-sensitive of European tourer ( Aguilo et al. 2005, 221 ) . Having such characteristic of the clime, Sun and beach is absolutely match with the mass tourer who in hunt of hot conditions and sunburn within the model of a stiffly packaged vacation. Butler s life rhythm of Mallorca Exploration A ; involvement stage-1930s The pantryman s lifecycle theoretical account ( 1980 ) , describes a tourer finish from the geographic expedition to development up to stagnancy and diminution stages can be best apply in the finish of Mallorca from the growing phase to post-stagnation phase. In the period of geographic expedition and engagement phases tourism takes topographic point in Mallorca act simply as an instrument for exciting cultural and rational activity ( Bull 1997, 141 ) . Early on development phase 1955s When it comes to 1955 Mallorca Island is in development phase where mass touristry started to turn during that period. There was a re-establishment of the tourer board that have significantly change the touristry on the island whereby the touristry become more really much linked with the development of bundle vacations and mass touristry from the turning markets in western and northern Europe ( Pearce 1991 and Williams 1997 ) . However in 1959, Spanish authorities took the novice to simplify the process of sing the state in order to overhaul the economic system by deriving abroad gross through ( Stabilisation Act of 1959 ) . The Numberss of visitants started to growing invariably in early 1960s, bulk of the visitants were dominated from UK and Germany in big volumes concentrated particularly during summer season ( Clark 1988 ) ( Figure 1 ) . Consolidation stage-1980s-1990s Between 1960s-1980s the effects from the roar of international touristry to Mallorca, it led to an increasing resort development along the coastline. Most of the island began from the rapid growing of cheap bundle vacations in the sixtiess. However in the late of 1970s, many edifices, resorts and flats were built in order to provide big Numberss of visitants and turning figure of the populations. Majority of these early resorts were portrayed by standard flat edifice architecture, short of appropriate substructure and deficiency of planning, which lead to the consolidation phases. Buswell ( 1996, 321 ) described the growing of tourer declaration on Mallorca as unplanned and piecemeal, even helter-skelter . Later, stricter planning Torahs was set up in 1980s and 1990s against the job that arisen. Subsequently Mallorca managed to keep its good repute with tourers, peculiarly from UK and Germany furthermore invariably attracts about 10 thousand visitants per twelvemonth ( Buswell 1996 and Government Balear 2003 ) Stagnation and Decline stage-1990s-2000s In late 1990s, environmental force per unit areas begin to emerge in Mallorca sing to the issue such as H2O deficits, clime alteration, overcrowding, and over commercialisation every bit good as anti-social behaviour by its visitants. This finally causes an overall of diminution in figure of visitants arrive to its finish. In commissariats of finish life rhythm kineticss, the touristry merchandise of Mallorca was get downing to stagnate and decline and needed direction planning and policy intercession to convey about its rejuvenation ( Butler, 1980 ) . Development of Mass touristry in Calvia, Mallorca Calvia is a municipality of Mallorca which is besides one of the largest touristry having countries. It accounted about one tierce of the entire flow of tourers to Balearic Islands. It covers 145 kmA? and has a coastal strip of 56 Km of beaches and drops which caused it perfectly suited finish for mass touristry. It offers adjustment for 120,000 bedspaces and with about up to 1.6 million visitants a twelvemonth ( Aguilo, Algere and Sard, 2005 ) . Furthermore, with its location in bantam distance from the airdrome of Palma creates an easy accessible to the visitants. The population of the occupant increased from 3000 in dwellers during 1960 up to 30,000 in the late 1890ss ( Dodds 2007 ) . Since 19th century, touristry began to be as chief economic activity of its island ( Ministerio de Economia y Hacienda, 2005 ) . Tourism development in Calvia boomed in the sixtiess and has been based on short-run economic addition. As Aguilo et Al. ( 2005 ) provinces, it was one of the first municipalities to see negative effects of mass touristry. Lack of be aftering ordinances resulted in urban conurbation and deficiency of environmental respect, similar to many Mediterranean resorts. The theoretical account of touristry development in Mallorca has been based on short-run involvement, limitless constructing out of melody with local conditions, and an unsustainable development of exceeding natural resources . Tourist development took topographic point in 1960s to 1980s and was headlong and unplanned. Economy In economic point of position, touristry is of import as it create occupation chances, substructure development every bit good as foreign exchange. The unemployment rate is much lower than national norm ( Ministerio de Trabajo 2005 ) as there are about 31,793 people employed in restaurant-bars, 2057 involved in transit lease, 483 in supermarkets, 398 people employed in souvenir stores and with 1,684 plants in other tourer installations. Meanwhile 1,402 involved in beach concern and 18,003 are involved in supplying tourer activities. In Calvia it was estimated about 61749 vacancies in footings of supplying tourer activities ( Molz 2004 ) . It has 30 higher income per capital of national and 5 higher of E.U. degrees ( Ministerio de Economia y Hacienda 2005 ) . Looking at these figures it becomes perfectly obvious 85 of Balearic Island s GNP is from tourer industry, and touristry is the chief beginning of income for the metropolis of Calvia whereby economic system is wholly reliant upon it. From the statistics Numberss given, it can be conclude that there is high figure of labour force fall ining the labor market, the tourer monoculture particularly during the peak seasonal form, labor with a low wage system, and force per unit area of work during high season ( Local Agenda 21 2001 ) . Socio civilization impact While touristry provides certain economic benefits to a part in any instance in the short term, nevertheless it does causes annoyance to the local manner of life. To the locals the concerns may deduce due to the unrealized promises, break of a traditional manner of life, inadequacy of employment chances or defeat with the economic alterations which came with mass touristry development. Before touristry takes topographic point, Calvia was basically a hapless and rural country with small outside contact and general history of out-migration with its ain linguistic communication and civilization of Catalan roots ( Ruzza 2004 ) . However touristry has entirely altered these characteristics ; a huge figure of in-migration from the Spanish peninsula arrived to carry through the demand for labour created by the growing of mass touristry, peculiarly in the edifice industry and the hotel concern. Consequent to that the impermanent immigrant population, has bit by bit turn into occupant, finally this causes the loss of cultural individuality, struggle over linguistic communication issues, and deficiency of societal integrating within local and immigrant population and bantam engagement in local societal life. Although Calvia is Spain s richest municipality and one of the richest in Europe, it has the lowest degree of instruction in Spain which itself the lowest in Europe ( Ayuntament de Calvia 1995 ) . Besides, most of employments given for servers and house cleansing agent which did non trained by a professional skilled. Consequences of excessively many visitants Reason tourer choose Calvia as vacation finish The continuity of the Sun and sand theoretical account ( 2005, 222 ) , describes that the ground induces tourers to take the peculiar Sun and sand finish include the clime of 76.2, the beaches ( 51.2 ) , the monetary value ( 36.4 ) , and the quality of the hotels ( 22.2 ) . Among all, clime is the cardinal ground followed by the beaches which induces tourers for taking such finish. As a consequence Calvia received a turning figure of visitants who travel to a mass touristry vacation finish attracted by the clime, Sun and beaches. Calvia were seen as a theoretical account based on value, in footings of monetary value competition it has lure many visitants particularly from UK and German with it standardisation of the vacation experience ( CIITIB, 2002 ) . Social impact For the local point of position, visitants seem to use the physical environment from the local nevertheless the net income that generated from the visitants are non portion with the local community. Thus it creates unwanted impacts on supports without sharing benefits with the local people who bear the cost of both human and natural environment. Finally conflicts arise among local populations with huge figure of visitants as they need to vie for limited usage of resources such as H2O, sanitation, energy and land utilizations. In point of tourer position it is often recapitulate with the statements with this used to be a Eden but now it is ruined because of overcrowding, over commercialisation or overdevelopment. The mass touristry cohesiveness and the assortment of jobs experienced in Calvia have excessively frequently formed blemish aboard beautiful natural scenery ; crowded with huge Numberss of tourers as if they were many cowss ; ruined traditional civilizations and occupational forms by making a insidious touristry industry portrayed as low paying occupations service and manipulative values ; without refering the demands of local citizens and the community values that were inconsistent with matter-of-fact economic demands of the touristry industry. Environmental impact The risen Numberss of visitants and occupants have huge environmental force per unit area in Calvia . As mentioned in pantryman s life rhythm, Mallorca was in the period of stagnation in 1990s may put on the line by lifting of environmental force per unit area chiefly due to H2O deficits and climatic alteration. Inadequate H2O supply The issue of unequal H2O supply particularly during peak period and summer season, H2O supplies is aggravated by visitants flows for usage in hotels, swimming pools and golf class. Harmonizing to the statistic documented in 1995, the H2O ingestion by visitants amounted of 160 litres per twenty-four hours whereby occupant is merely 130 litres. High demand in energy ingestion The one-year ingestion of primary energy in Calvia sum to 72,000 TEP per twelvemonth of which merely 2 is renewable. However, the ingestion per twenty-four hours was 6.47 kwh and visitants stay one dark in hotel the ingestion amounted to 2.14 kwh ( Dodds 2007 ) . Pollution by Conveyances Of 1,400,000 tones emanation of C dioxide, 58 is due to transporting tourer in and out of Mallorca. In Calvia 1995 statistic, visitants are the major causes of traffic congestion where of 70 million journeys 50 million were from visitants. Urban waste In 1995 Calvia produced 41000 dozenss of urban waste with approximately 1.25 kilograms per twenty-four hours by the occupant nevertheless 1kg per visitants a twenty-four hours. Furthermore there is a limited option for disposal. The production of effluent and solid waste in visitant countries frequently surpass the transporting capacity of local substructure due the high seasonal demand. Deterioration of the Land usage Building development in Calvia has been inordinate with aggregate business of flaxen beaches and of import enclaves along the bouldery coastline ( Pappas 2007 ) . With over 60 of Calvia part was caused by dirt eroding. However land country was cut downing drastically because of urbanisation. Furthermore, as a consequence of urbanisation, preies and waste mopess were increasing. Forest fires besides sparked farther devastation of the land. Harmonizing to an accounting of the distribution of the full country of Calvia made by Schmitt ( Molz 2004 ) in 1991 the build-up-area has quadrupled in the old ages from 1968 to 1991 ( +311.6 ) . However 57 of archeological heritage were at high hazard of impairment. Overcrowded beach About 80 of the analyzed instances show overcrowding despite an urban beach or natural beach. There is a strong seasonal concentration of visitants between June and September because of the demand for Sun and beaches. Subsequently this led to overcrowded beach with less than 6 mA? of beach surface per individual with increasing anthropogenetic force per unit area over the coastal zone ( Garcia and Jaume 2003, 287 ) . Solution Calvia is an illustration of a mass touristry finish which, from a consequence of touristry force per unit area in the late eightiess, faced important economic, societal and environmental diminution. As mentioned by Butler ( 1993 ) touristry is an activity because of its trust upon the care of natural environment and natural procedures, should impart itself toward sustainable development. Therefore, sustainable development must ever be touristry s chief aim. Without natural environment and natural procedures at that place would non be any touristry activity at all. In the instance of Calvia the lessening of touristry Numberss and Balearic Island as a whole goaded ordinances and attempts to travel towards turn toing the jobs of the debasement of the environment, impairment of societal systems and installations and the menace of farther touristry diminution. Definition of Planning and Policy Mass touristry is a cardinal issue in the planetary touristry industry, may it be in Mallorca or Brazil or Iceland. The word MASS entirely brings about one fright: mass-destruction. Without careful touristry planning, it brings about unobserved effects that can do touristry destructing touristry go a world and incubus. By looking at the definition of planning is highly equivocal and hard to specify. Chadwick ( 1971, 24 ) provinces that planning is a procedure of human idea with an action based upon the thought in point of fact, premeditation, thought for the hereafter, nil more or less than this is be aftering . Meanwhile Hall ( 2008, 90 ) supported Chadwick s thoughts to reason that most of import facet of planning is that it is directed towards the hereafter . However, be aftering can non be accomplished without policy because it is closely related footings. Wilkinson ( 1997 ) linked planning and policy by saying planning is a class of action, whereas policy is the execution of the planned class of action. Planing and policy in the instance of Calvia Calvia Plan for tourer Excellent 1990 The program was developed in 1990 as to aim the menace of diminution. It comes along with the Balearic Autonomous community in cooperation with the municipalities as to overhaul, better and diversify the touristry. This program included edifice clearance to recover unfastened infinite, seek to compensate the seasonal nature of touristry and preparation and employment. However this program is chiefly focused on the industry supply side alternatively of sustainability of the finish and host community did non affect at all. As a consequence, it did non try to get the better of the turning issues that have arisen. Calvia Local Agenda 21 ( LA21 ) 1995 At the terminal of 1994, the Town council of Calvia , together with a scope of working groups, drew up the Local Agenda 21 for Calvia as a long term schemes integrated with economic, societal, territorial and environment actions. In explicating LA21 in 1995 and Action Plan in 1997, the Municipality of Calvia actively involved the support of local community, all the stakeholders, NGO every bit good as national and EU authoritiess. The cardinal aims for LA21 Calvia concentrating on come ining a new manner of life based on sustainable and participatory urban and touristry planning ; stress environmental direction of the finish, expression for for understanding and consensus with societal representatives, control development and act for more stable employment in the country. ( Calvia Agenda Local 21, Mallorca, Spain 2004 ) . In 1998 New Balearic Law in Calvia was set out as to restrict adjustment growing, reconstruct bing hotels and to protect 40 of natural countries. The aims of the LA21 comprises of 10 strategic lines of action and 40 enterprises. Cardinal consequences that have been achieved since the execution of Calvia s 1997 program The LA21 Action Plan which were set out in 1997 were seems to hold betterment in a general motion toward sustainability within the part and as Calvia is reasonably independent, it was able to follow and implement many enterprises without the demand for coaction from higher authorities. Among those cardinal consequences that have been achieved since the execution of the LA21 action program are stated below: Planing and Regeneration Decline of 200 bed without rise in figure of hotels and flats 1993-2002-about 30 edifice clearance program actions including existent edifice destruction and purchase of urban secret plans as to forestall farther building were carried out Demolished edifices on more than 13,500mA? of the entire surface country Upgraded country in Magaluf A ; Palma Nova tourer country with prosaic zones and seting tree as to better quality of the country. In Paseo de Calvia 32 kilometer cycling and walking way was built Environmental instruments Tax was enforcing on H2O ingestion for preservation with awareness runs on advancing its usage. The recycling A ; urban waste decrease programs successfully separated 70 of the urban waste at beginning, helping by cut downing cost of recycling attempt, minimising land fill. Sea dredging which used to bring forth beaches has been terminated while steps on environmental friendly were put in topographic point to minimise eroding. New ordinance for restricting ground tackle harm A ; harbor congestion cause by boats Protect wild life A ; ecosystems with the constitution of Marine Park A ; tellurian protected countries. Economic instruments Enforce an eco-tax in 2002 by Balearic Government as to transport out Calvia council rehabilitation and regenerative undertakings. Voluntary instruments Renovation programmes for hotels, tourer adjustment and tourer installations established to upgrade quality and pull a higher output tourer Socio cultural instruments Programs to battle offense, lodging and other societal issues Multi-cultural and societal programmes such as dance, submerged picture taking and linguistic communication categories established to assist incorporate immigrants into Mallorquin civilization. Calvia has been recognized internationally for its attempts decision Calvia 2.0 The development of mass touristry in Calvia, Mallorca. 2.1 Definition of Mass Tourism

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Using the Spanish Noun Vez

Using the Spanish Noun Vez Vez (plural veces) is one of the most commonly used nouns of Spanish and can usually be precisely translated as occurrence, although in practice it is usually translated as time. Here are some examples of everyday usage: Mil veces te quiero, Alejandro. I love you a thousand times, Alejandro.Llegamos cuatro veces a la final. We made it four times to the final.Ser la à ºltima vez que me veas. It will be the last time you see me. Una vez is usually translated as once, although obviously it could also be translated literally as one time, and dos veces can be translated as twice or two times: Se toma una vez por dà ­a en un nivel de dosis decidido por el mà ©dico. It is taken once per day at a dosage level decided by the doctor. ¿Te has enamorado dos veces de la misma persona? Have you fallen in love with the same person twice?Sà ³lo se vive dos veces es la quinta entrega de la saga James Bond. You Only Live Twice is the fifth installment in the James Bond series. Veces can be used in making comparisons such as the following: Es una pila que dura hasta cuatro veces ms. Its a battery that lasts up to four times longer.La envidia es mil veces ms terrible que el hambre. Jealousy is a thousand times worse than hunger. Uses of Vez and Veces Vez and veces can be used in a variety of phrases. The following examples show some of the most common, although these arent the only translations possible: Alguna vez voy a ser libre. Sometime I am going to be free.El gato de Schrà ¶dinger sigue estando vivo y muerto a la vez pero en ramas diferentes del universo. Schrà ¶dingers cat was alive and dead at the same time but in different sections of the universe.A mi vez, no puedo comprender el tipo que dice que la casa es tarea de la mujer. For my part, I cant understand the type who says housework is a womans job. (Also used are phrases such as a tu vez, for your part, and a su vez, for his/her part.)Cada vez que te veo me gustas ms. Every time I see you I like you more.La actriz tolera cada vez menos la intrusià ³n en su vida. The actress is tolerating the intrusion in her life less and less.De vez en cuando es necesario perder la razà ³n. Once in a while it is necessary to be wrong.Estoy fantaseando en vez de estudiar. I am daydreaming instead of studying.A veces sueà ±o que ests conmigo. Sometimes I dream that you are with me.Los baratos muchas veces salen caros. Cheap things oft en sell for a high price.  ¿Por quà © el mar algunas veces se ve verde y otras veces azul? Why does the sea sometimes look green and other times blue?Habà ­a una vez una gata vivà ­a en una casita blanca. Once upon a time a cat lived in a little white house.Una vez ms Einstein tiene razà ³n. Once again, Einstein is right.La red otra vez fuera de là ­nea. The network went offline again.La felicidad se encuentra rara vez donde se busca. Happiness is rarely found where it is looked for.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Managing Communications, Knowledge and Information Essay - 4

Managing Communications, Knowledge and Information - Essay Example In order to assess what information and data is required; it is customary that data gathering methods as well as the criteria for gathering such data shall be outlined also. Once the required information is gathered, next phase will involve a systematic dissemination of data and information among the management as well as the operational staff in order to keep them informed about what potential changes may be introduced as a result of the expansion. Further, this report will also provide an appropriate information system diagram to visually present the flow of information besides providing a detailed description of at least three performance measures which should allow the management of hotel to practically judge the success and failure of the proposed expansion plan. This report will therefore attempt to explore all the above mentioned areas and will provide an analysis of how this can be achieved and what resources and requirements will make it possible to achieve the intended objectives. Having defined this, next step shall be to identify the data required to perform such type of analysis. It is therefore assumed that both the qualitative as well as quantitative data will be required to complete this project. Most important sources of data will be internal and a temporal analysis of available data is required to assess as to whether the customers, historically, requested for such services. Further, external sources of data will be required to assess as to what the market is charging for providing such facilities and what may be the costs involved in constructing and maintaining such facilities. This data will be required because it will allow the management to assess the commercial viability of the projects and will provide them a critical insight into how to design the facilities in a manner so that cost of maintenance remains low while at the same time offering high quality services. Some of the methods to collect the data will include survey of